From a general summary to chapter summaries to explanations of famous quotes, the SparkNotes Othello Study Guide has everything you need to ace quizzes, tests, and essays. Encouraging patience, Iago subtly reinforces the parallel between his plots and drama in general: both need time to come to their climaxes. Summary: Act II, scene ii. Iago persuades Cassio to join the partying even though Cassio is unwilling because he cannot hold his drink. Once Othello is gone, Iago enters and joins Cassio on guard. In a very self-conscious … Iago tricks Cassio into drinking against his wish and Roderigo incites his anger and drive him into a fight. Understand every line of Othello. In Act 3, Scene 2 of Othello, Iago continues his plot to make Othello think that Cassio and Desdemona are having an affair to get Othello to annul his marriage to Desdemona. Cassio and Iago, his second in command, will see to this. The rich Roderigo has been paying Iago to help him in his suit to Desdemona, but he has seen no progress, and he has just learned that Desdemona has married Othello, a general whom Iago serves as ensign. Act 2 Scene 3. All of the characters in this scene, misled about each other by Iago, now do exactly what Iago wants them to do. Even so, Desdemona's arrival and then exit with Othello shows her continued obedience to Othello, and, more importantly, his confidence in that obedience. Othello then grabs Iago by the throat, and commands him to come up with "ocular proof" (3.3.360) that Desdemona has been unfaithful or else be punished for causing Othello such emotional pain. Othello sends his servant, a clown, or peasant, to tell the musicians to go away. Act 3, scene 3. Chapter Summary for William Shakespeare's Othello, act 5 scene 2 summary. As Cassio shows what a ladies man he is, Iago plots ways to use that against him. They're like having in-class notes for every discussion!”, “This is absolutely THE best teacher resource I have ever purchased. Course Hero, "Othello Study Guide," December 20, 2016, accessed December 26, 2020, https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Othello/. Act 3, scene 1. In an effort to win Othello’s good graces, Cassio sends musicians to play music beneath the general’s window. The third act begins with a bit of comic relief; a clown is mincing words with a few musicians, then has a little wordplay with Cassio, who bids the clown to go and see if Desdemona will speak with him. In spite of Iagos service in battle and the recomm… The celebration gets under way. Course Hero. Emilia comes out, and bids Cassio to come in and speak with Desdemona about his tarnished reputation. They spot a ship coming forth; but Iago, Desdemona, and Emilia are on it, not Othello. This important metaphor foreshadows the way the setting reflects a net, or trap, slowly closing on its victims. They completely demystify Shakespeare. Iago, feigning friendship, reassures him that he can help. It's important to note the indirectness that characterizes his method. When Othello departs Iago enters; he speaks of Desdemona as a temptress, an allegation Cassio challenges; while they disagree on another topic, sharing drinks, Cassio eventually gives in and goes to gather a group together. Summary and Analysis. Teach your students to analyze literature like LitCharts does. Iago continues to orchestrate complicated sets of doubling-crossings in order to promote the illusions that will help him with his plan. Instant downloads of all 1388 LitChart PDFs After Othello says he trusts Iago (bad move), he tells Desdemona he's paid for her by marrying her, and now it's about time that he gets to collect. Iago reassures him his plan has just begun and that he should stay. The fracas interrupts Othello's private time with Desdemona and he arrives angry, swiftly demoting Cassio and casting him from his service. Iago again takes on the role of "director," laying out his plans for the audience. Desdemona comes to call Othello to dinner. Course Hero. Iago enters, and Cassio tells him that he means to speak to Desdemona, so that she may clear things up with Othello. Read our modern English translation of this scene. Desdemona is unstoppable in her pleas to Othello to restore Cassio to his position. Cassio greets them all, especially praising Desdemona; somehow, Iago and Desdemona enter into an argument abou… Iago often talks of webs and ensnaring Cassio and Othello. Iago starts to plan his revenge against Othello. Act II: Scene 3. Summary: Act II, scene iii. Act 2 Scene 3 Othello leaves Cassio and Iago in charge of the party and goes to spend time alone with Desdemona. Course Hero. Upload them to earn free Course Hero access! Our, LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in. It begins with: "And what's he then that says I play the villain? A herald announces that Othello plans revelry for the evening in celebration of Cyprus’s safety from the Turks, and also in celebration of his marriage to Desdemona. He does this by first compromising Cassio, who he'll use as a wedge to drive between them. Act 2, scene 3 Themes and Colors Key LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in Othello , which you can use to track the themes throughout the work. Get the eBook on Amazon to study offline. Copyright © 2016. Othello tells Cassio to keep the party under control. Read a translation of Act II, scene ii → Analysis: Act II, scenes i–ii. Othello keeps up his strong, quiet dignity in contrast to Iago's flurry of manipulations. Iago gets everyone drunk, hoping it will make Cassio do something stupid that will offend the island Brabantio is very angry, swearing that Othello must have bewitched his daughter, and that the state will not decide for him in this case. After Othello returns to his lodging, Cassio complains of his carelessness to Iago. His cultivation of the nickname "Honest Iago" demonstrates how effective he is in getting his adversaries to participate in their own destruction. Othello: Act 2, scene 3 Summary & Analysis New! Though Cassio knows better, Iago persuades him, making him a ripe target. We start out in Venice, Italy, land of love and water. "My students can't get enough of your charts and their results have gone through the roof." Cassio, like Othello, takes people at face value. Iago begins to turn the screw on Othello and Desdemona. Cassio, however, knows himself and refrains. Both Othello and Cassio wildly misjudge Iago, revealing just how duplicitous Iago is. Now he uses honor. The Turkish attack may have been quelled, but it also bodes badly for Othello's ship. My students love how organized the handouts are and enjoy tracking the themes as a class.”, “Every teacher of literature should use these translations. Desdemona sends for Cassio to tell him that she has spoken with Othello; she is also worried that she has lost her handkerchief. Course Hero, Inc. As a reminder, you may only use Course Hero content for your own personal use and may not copy, distribute, or otherwise exploit it for any other purpose. He suggests that even really good actions can produce bad effects. Othello and Desdemona leave to consummate their marriage. Also notice that Othello and Desdemona did not have sex until they were married, in contrast to the graphic imaginations that the other characters have indulged in. Unable to manipulate Cassio only with words, Iago progresses toward more directly bodily means: alcohol. Iago reassures Roderigo that he hates Othello. Late in the scene, Iago's offers a soliloquy. Othello Study Guide. Othello asks Cassio to personally take care of the celebration and control it. Othello here states that the uncertainty of jealousy is actually worse than the possible crime, and expressly connects his worrying with the loss of military glory, of honor and manhood. Updating the audience about his secret plans, Iago continues to act as a "director." Othello: Act 3, scene 2 Summary & Analysis New! Equally important is his strategy of ingratiating himself with those he's setting up. “Would not have made it through AP Literature without the printable PDFs. Next. Themes and Colors Key LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in Othello, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work. Read our modern English translation of this scene. Summary and Analysis Act I: Scene 2 Summary Iago warns Othello that there may be a legal attempt to break the marriage, but Othello knows his military worth to … Teachers and parents! Summary and analysis of William Shakespeare's classic play Othello. Check out our revolutionary side-by-side summary and analysis. We meet two guys early on: Iago and Roderigo. Cassio, commanding the night watch during the time of feasting and drinking, takes his orders from Othello, who directs the soldiers to drink with moderation and keep the peace. Summary. Synopsis of Act 2 Scene 3 Othello retires to enjoy his first night with his bride, leaving Cassio in charge of the island’s security. Previous Next Act 3, Scene 3 Cassio has explained the whole situation to Desdemona, and she promises to not rest until she's convinced Othello to reinstate Cassio as his lieutenant and renew their friendship. Cassio notes that actually that's Iago's job, but sure, he's willing to help out. He is easily convinced and terribly jealous. Summary The senate discuss the war with the Turks. Detailed explanations, analysis, and citation info for every important quote on LitCharts. A terrible storm has struck Cyprus, just as the Turks were about to approach. Othello, our tragic hero. Here, Iago seemingly holds reputation in the highest esteem; it is the "jewel of [a man's] soul" ("who steals my purse steals trash . Cassio declares he's forever indebted to her, and Desdemona again emphasizes that she'll do … Accessed December 26, 2020. https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Othello/. Summary. Iago encourages Cassio to drink, hoping to take advantage of his inability to handle liquor. Without it, he sees himself as a beast, using the kind of animal imagery that other racist characters had used only to describe Othello. Struggling with distance learning? He is a master at making someone look bad while seemingly trying to defend that person. Earlier he used people's prejudices to manipulate them to do what he wants. . 26 Dec. 2020. LitCharts Teacher Editions. (2016, December 20). Iago has now joined Othello, and has told him about Roderigo's betrayal of the news of his marriage to Brabantio. Cassio comes at last, as do Roderigo and Brabantio; Iago threatens Roderigo with violence, again making a false show of his loyalty to Othello. He tells Othello that Brabantio is upset, and will probably try to tear Desdemona from him. Othello is a tragic hero. Iago urges Cassio to have some wine. The original text plus a side-by-side modern translation of. This scene shows his weaknesses. Chief among Iagos reasons for this hatred is Othellos recent promotion of Michael Cassio to the post of lieutenant. When this advice is free I give and honest, Probal to thinking and indeed the course To win the Moor again? Act 2 Scene 1 Montano the Governor of Cyprus and two gentlemen discuss the tempestuous weather which has defeated most of the Turkish fleet. At the same time, at a trivial level, he also starts to speak untruths as a result of Iago's manipulations. Cassio asks the clown to entreat Emilia to come speak with him, so that he can ask her for access to Desdemona. Othello leaves Cassio on guard during the revels, reminding him to practice self-restraint during the celebration. When Othello enters, he claims a headache and asks her for a handkerchief to bind his head, but he will have only the embroidered strawberry handkerchief. Need help with Act 2, scene 1 in William Shakespeare's Othello? Next. 20 Dec. 2016. Othello bids Iago to give his regards to the Senate, and instructs him to meet later at the fortifications that are being built. Act 1, Scene 2 . This makes them both ripe for manipulation. And, furthermore, Cassio is so desperate to return to Othello's good graces that he'll do anything, believe easily a man of Iago's skill. Cassio sees his reputation, his honor, as what makes him human. In Course Hero. Summary and Analysis Act II: Scene 2 Summary The herald reads a proclamation declaring a night of general festivities to celebrate both the destruction of the Turkish fleet and Othello's recent marriage. The scene ends with Roderigo, disappointed again, beaten, almost out of money, and determined to return to Venice. Have study documents to share about Othello? Act 2 Scene 3 Before leaving to consummate his marriage Othello warns Cassio to show self-restraint during the imminent celebrations. It only takes Iago one scene to talk him into believing his wife is untrue. The scene starts with Othello setting Cassio and Iago to the watch and then leaving with Desdemona. Iago describes how he will stage yet another scene and control how the other characters will interpret it, much as a playwright does with every scene he or she writes. Professor Bradley Greenburg of Northeastern Illinois University provides an in-depth summary and analysis of Act 2, Scene 3 of William Shakespeare's play Othello. This was recorded using the Harcourt version of the play for reference. He's playing the long game. Summary: Act III, scene i. Othello is just as decisive as he was in earlier scenes, but now he, too, has been tricked by Iago and his actions only further Iago's plot. Iago tells Othello that Desdemona’s father and Roderigo are pursuing him. Understand every line of Othello. "Othello Study Guide." Note the constricting movement from Venice, where there's space to roam, to Cyprus, an island with limited space. Just as Iago hoped, Cassio's honor is offended when his drunkenness is noticed, and he reacts by fighting. Cassio, unsuspecting, and having no alternative, readily agrees to appeal to Desdemona. Course Hero is not sponsored or endorsed by any college or university. Students love them!”. Act 2, Scene 3. The "inclining Desdemona" refers to her credulousness: she's inclined to believe what she hears, as she did with Othello's tales of adventure. Cassio beats Roderigo; and Montano, who tries to intervene, is wounded. -Graham S. Cassio, insisting that he is not drunk when he clearly is, seeks to maintain his honor or dignity via an illusion about himself. Cassio arrives and delivers the news of Othello's marriage and praises Desdemona highly. For 'tis most easy The inclining Desdemona to subdue In any honest suit: she's framed as fruitful As the free elements." From the creators of SparkNotes, something better. Thus begins Iago's larger strategy to make it appear that Desdemona and Cassio are having an affair. (including. . Meanwhile, Iago moves his plot into its second phase: to twist two noble traits—Cassio's desire to regain his honor and Desdemona's generosity—to provoke Othello's doubt of Desdemona and sexual jealousy of Cassio. Meanwhile, he's off to inspect said fortifications, which conveniently gets him out of the way for Cassio to have some private, incriminating time with Desdemona. Find a summary of this and each chapter of Othello! Chapter Summary for William Shakespeare's Othello, act 2 scene 3 summary.
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